socionicsThe basis for socionics: the theory of personality type, the identification of four functions and differences in their expression due to introversion and extroversion, were first defined by Carl Jung (Swiss Psychologist) and were published in 1921 in a book called, Psychological Types.

The four functions as described by Jung are: Thinking (T), Feeling (F), Sensing (S) and iNtuition (N) – plus ‘i’ for introversion (white symbols) and ‘e’ for extroversion (black symbols) – symbols introduced by Augusta. In business we have to deal with individuals that will fall in any of these groups: Pragmatists (ST), Researchers (NT), Socials (SF), Humanitarians (NF).  From these we will also have these behavioural approaches:

  • Extraverted Rational Temperament (Ej - energetic and proactive behaviour; choleric temperament).
  • Introverted Rational Temperament (Lj - slow and methodical behaviour; phlegmatic temperament).
  • Extraverted Irrational Temperament (Ep - impulsive and unpredictable behaviour; sanguine temperament).
  • Introverted Irrational Temperament (Lp - lack of motivation, inertia, and unstable moods and energy levels; melancholic temperament).

According to Jung's theory of Psychological Types we are all different in fundamental ways. One's ability to process different information is limited by their particular type.

In the 1970s and ’80s the concept was taken up again and Socionics was developed by economist and sociologist Aušra Augustinavičiūtė (aka Aushra Augusta), in Vilnius, Lithuania. The name “socionics” derives from the word “society”(Lithuanian: socionika), because Augustinavičiūtė believed that each personality type has a distinct purpose in society. It is a study that partially explains relationship dynamics and why some relationships are better and easier than others.

Each sociotype has a different correspondence between functions and information elements, which results in different ways of perceiving, processing, and producing information. This, in turn, results in distinct thinking patterns, values, and responses.

Socionics’ theory of intertype relations is based on the interaction of these functions between types.  Understanding just the basics of socionics will help anyone in dealing with meetings or motivating employees.

(Augusta’s personal investigations form a typology made of eight psychic functions rather than the original Jung’s four. Following Myers/Briggs work we now have sixteen Socionic types).